A small amount of transudate in the pericardial cavity is not clinically manifested in any way, and the disease is asymptomatic. Moderate hydropericardium is manifested by discomfort in the chest, aggravated by bending forward. A large hydropericardium compresses the heart, which leads to the occurrence of shortness of breath, swelling of the legs and arms, pain and a feeling of tightness in the chest, rapid pulse, puffiness of tacrolimus, cold sweat, psychomotor agitation, hypotension, tachypnea, cyanosis of visible mucous membranes. With the accumulation of transudate, blood circulation through the veins is disturbed, the esophagus is compressed, the passage of food is disturbed, hiccups appear. In the absence of timely treatment, a fatal outcome is possible.
Acute accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity in a newborn is an extremely serious condition that requires immediate diagnosis, emergency treatment and directly threatens the life of the infant. Diagnosis of hydropericardium is based on patient complaints, medical prograf, examination of patients, auscultation and percussion of the heart, laboratory examination results, cardiac ultrasound (Echo-KG) or chest x-ray. In special cases, patients are referred for microbiological and cytological examination of the transudate obtained during the pericardial puncture.
tacrolimus pills is the most informative and important diagnostic method that allows you to determine the severity of the pathology. The divergence of the sheets of the pericardium along the posterior wall of the left ventricle should normally be a maximum of 5 mm. If this discrepancy is within 6-10 mm, they speak of the initial stage of pathology, 10-20 mm - about moderate, 20 mm or more - about pronounced hydropericardium, which requires urgent puncture. Video. hydropericardium on echocardiography.
The severity of the disease is also judged by the volume of transudate in the pericardial cavity. Treatment of hydropericardium is carried out in a hospital. If there is a small amount of transudate in the pericardial cavity, the pathology is not clinically manifested and does not require therapeutic measures. When the divergence of the sheets of the pericardium is more than 20 mm, a puncture is indicated.
There is a list of factors that lead to an increase in the volume of transudate in the pericardium. This pathological process is called hydropericardium, it is considered dangerous and requires mandatory treatment. There are several types of it.
The intensity of clinical manifestations of hydropericardium depends on the volume of transudate localized between the atrial lobes. He might be. The divergence of the petals depends on the amount of liquid that is localized between them. Normally, this indicator should not exceed 5 mm.
The size of the divergence of the petals varies between 6 and 10 mm. A slight deviation from the norm is between 10 and 20 mm. Pronounced manifestations of the pathological condition - more than 20 mm. Factors causing the development of the disease.
Depending on the degree of divergence of the leaves of the pericardium, the disease is divided intothree stages. The main reasons for the formation of hydropericardium are.